Oak Park needs more native plants for its parks

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Adrian Ayres Fisher

Some of our nice, newly landscaped parks — in particular Barry, Maple and Euclid Square — are what I call "faux green spaces." Sure, they look green. They have plenty of grass and trees, and from a human standpoint, are admirably designed for all kinds of recreation. However, for nonhuman residents of our community, such as birds and pollinators, they function as "landscapes of death."

Many bird species, both resident and migratory, need more than trees and grass to survive. They need bushes that provide cover and food, in particular native, flowering, fruit-bearing bushes such as chokeberries, coralberries, spicebushes and native viburnums, to name a few. These kinds of shrubs serve birds' habitat needs and also attract the kinds of insects that birds need to feed their young. Almost everyone knows that pollinators such as bees and butterflies are in decline. Besides native flowering bushes, native flowers and grasses would help provide refuge, and the nectar and pollen they need. Finally, rain gardens planted with natives would not only help birds and pollinators, but also would help our community practice wise rainwater management.

In addition, these parks' simplified plantings, seemingly modeled on suburban corporate campuses, are hardly worthy of our prairie-style design heritage. Incomplete and unsatisfying, they detract from the park user's experience. Maple Park, in particular, needs something more than an open fence to shelter the park from the noisy, distracting traffic on Harlem. A naturalistic, mixed border of native shrubs would do the trick. One fears what the great prairie-style landscape designer Jens Jensen would think of the present arrangement. He, by combining sensitivity to the real Illinois landscape with brilliant planning, managed to fuse human-use requirements with naturalistic plantings in his complex, beautiful park designs. We should do the same.

As an Oak Park resident committed to community sustainability and ecosystem health, I did take part in the park district's community-input process; I'm not sure who was responsible for the final plant selections. The results are disappointing to those of us who care about creating and improving green infrastructure. I find it painful to walk in these parks because their functionality is so one-dimensional, rendering them so much less than they could be.

Oak Park's evolving commitment to green infrastructure and truly sustainable design should extend to these parks. We can do much, much better. Appropriate shrubs, pollinator plantings and rain gardens, strategically placed along fences and in other low-use areas, would do a great deal to reintegrate these faux green spaces into the real ecosystem — without at all hindering human use. In fact, these additions would enhance the recreational experience while making these open spaces genuinely green — and more beautiful.

Adrian Ayres Fisher serves on the Triton College Green Committee and the Oak Park-River Forest Interfaith Green Network, and volunteers with the Thatcher Woods Savanna Restoration Project. She blogs at www.ecologicalgardening.net.

Reader Comments

6 Comments - Add Your Comment

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Mia Jane from Chicago  

Posted: February 28th, 2012 11:54 PM

How can i help. <a href="http://www.decoralamerica.com">sublimation plants</a>

DC  

Posted: April 14th, 2011 6:02 PM

Well done, Adrian. And just in time for gardening season. Imagine what our neighborhoods could be like if everyone planted just one native flowering perennial? Butterflies galore!

tom broderick from oak park  

Posted: April 14th, 2011 1:16 PM

How to create a more enriching park environment is the topic of this letter. For me, time spent in parks is enhanced by native plants, particularly in combination ~ flowers, shrubs, grasses. A diversity of native flora brings a diversity of native fauna. Oak Park has many large and mature trees. Outside my apartment, hawks have taken up residence. For two years, there has been a nest w/chicks. A joy. The topic of safety, brought up by Oak Park Senior Citizen is a different, but important issue.

Oak Park Senior Citizen  

Posted: April 13th, 2011 2:29 PM

Forget about the native plants and stop the smell of pot smoking, bums on benches, boom boxes, ghetto talk, homeless people wasting time until their next free meal and make the parks safe to visit. Then we can worry about the plants. Home Depot or Lowes is good enough for me or, even better, lets try to save some money and get the citizens to donate seeds, divisions and cuttings of native plants and get some of our govie aid citizens to transplant them

paul  

Posted: April 13th, 2011 1:21 PM

Agreed! Even just for aesthetic reasons, I would like to see more native plants (especially prairie plants) in local parks.

I.Flebbe  

Posted: April 13th, 2011 9:39 AM

I agree! A visit to a park is so much more interesting if one can see birds building nests and tending young, and butterflies and other pollinators going about their work. Plus, it is a missed educational opportunity when our parks don't demonstrate to the park visitors about the beauty and use of these low-maintenance native shrubs, grasses and flowers. Imagine nearby schools "adopting" park gardens, and using their experiences and observations in journaling, science and math!

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